A Comprehensive Compendium of History, Culture, Lifestyle and Tourism of Odisha

Ancient Odisha

Administration of the Bhaumakaras

The Bhauma-Karas gave a stable administration to the people of this land. The kings used high sounding titles like ‘Paramabhattaraka’, ‘Maharajadhiraja’, ‘Paramesvara etc. The form of government was obviously monarchical and the Bhauma-Karas follow the law to primogeniture. However, there was exception to it as is found particularly, witthe Bhauma queens.

Officers in Bhauma administration

The Bhauma kings were assisted by many officers in discharge in their administration. They were Mahasamanta, Maharaja, Ranaka, Rajaputra, Antaranga. Kumaramatya, Uparika, Visayapati, Ayuktaka, Danda pasika, Sthanontarika, Vallabha Chata, Bhata, Pratihara, Mahasandhivigraha (ka), Mahakshapatalika, Kutakola, Dutaka etc The capital of the Bhauma Kingdom was Guhadevapataka (Guhesvarapataka) at Biraja in Jajpur. Though there is controversy among historians, still this is accepted with tolerable degree of certainty.

Relation with the feudatories

Like the Guptas, the Bhauma-Kara kings maintained good relation with the feudatories. Their kingdoms were not annexed and so, they remained as vassel states helping the Bhauma sovereign at the time of war. The Sulkis, Bhanjas and the Nandodbhavas remained as feudatories under the Bhauma-Karas. Thus, the state-craft under the Bhauma- Karas was efficient and wellorganised.


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