Mahima Dharma: History and Teachings

The 19th century Renaissance in India had greatly influenced Odisha. On the other hand, Odisha’s Renaissance was different because it bloomed from a very rural set up being uninfluenced by any western education. In thought and expression, it emerged in its own unique way in the form of Mahima Dharma. Through simple doctrines it projected …

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The Famine of 1866 or Na-Anka Durbhiksha

The occurrence of natural calamities like drought, flood, epidemics and cyclone a reoccurring phenomenon in the history of Odisha. Their frequent visitation in 19th century was the most important factor that broke the backbone of the people of Odisha. The people of Odisha have been suffering from many natural calamities. The most famous among them …

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Growth of Press and Journalism in Odisha

The growth of press and journalism in Odisha created a landmark in the history of modern Odisha. The initiative was taken by the Christian missionaries who made great contribution in this field. With the establishment of printing press by them, started the story of press and journalism in Odisha. In due course of time vernacular …

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Growth of Modern Education in Odisha

In Odisha the traditional education system was prevailed in the ancient and medieval period. But the modern education was started during the British period which led to the collapse of the traditional education system in Odisha. Under the East India Company, Christian missionaries made the beginning of modern education in Odisha by printing the Old …

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Merger of the Princely States of Odisha

In the Post-war scenario elections were held for the Odisha Provincial Legislative Assembly in which the congress got a majority. Harekrushna Mahatab was appointed Prime Minister on 3rd April 1946. It was during that year the Cabinet Mission visited India and Mahatab gave assurance that he would place before it the issue of the merger …

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The Prajamandal Movement

During the British rule, the princely or the native states of Odisha enjoyed sovereign power. Gradually, the kings of these areas became repressive. Exploitation and repression became a characteristic feature of all native states. The people were exploited through several means of taxation like ‘Rasad’, ‘Magan’, ‘Bethi’ and ‘Begari’. Finally, when exploitation of the people became …

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British relation with Princely States of Odisha

The Feudatory States also known as Native States or Princely States or Garhjat States or Tributary Mahals were twenty six in number by the time of the merger with the Province of Odisha in 1948-49. Those feudatory states divided into three groups were: 1. States of central Odisha: There were nineteen States of central Odisha-Angul, …

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