Mahima Dharma: History and Teachings

Odisha was significantly influenced by India’s nineteenth-century Renaissance. On the other hand, Odisha’s Renaissance was unique in that it grew out of a very rural environment that was uninfluenced by western education. It manifested in its own unique way in the form of Mahima Dharma in thought and expression. It projected numerous complicated theories via …

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The Famine of 1866 or Na-Anka Durbhiksha

Natural calamities such as drought, flood, epidemics, and cyclones have occurred repeatedly throughout Odisha’s history. Their frequent visits in the nineteenth century were the primary factor that broke the backbone of the Odia people. Odisha’s people have been afflicted by numerous natural disasters. The most famous of them all was the 1866 famine, dubbed the …

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Growth of Press and Journalism in Odisha

The growth of the press and journalism in Odisha marked a watershed moment in the state’s modern history. Christian missionaries, who have made significant contributions in this field, took the initiative. They began the storey of press and journalism in Odisha with the establishment of a printing press. In due course, Odisha developed a vernacular …

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Growth of Modern Education in Odisha

In ancient and mediaeval Odisha, the traditional education system predominated. However, modern education began during the British period, which resulted in the collapse of Odisha’s traditional education system. Christian missionaries established modern education in Odisha under the East India Company by printing the Old and New Testaments in Odia. Missionaries established the first primary school …

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Merger of the Princely States of Odisha

Elections for the Odisha Provincial Legislative Assembly were held in the post-war scenario, with the congress winning a majority. On 3 April 1946, Harekrushna Mahatab was appointed Prime Minister. That year, the Cabinet Mission visited India, and Mahatab assured them that he would bring the issue of the merger of the ‘garajat’ states with the …

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The Prajamandal Movement

During British rule, Odisha’s princely or indigenous states possessed sovereign power. The kings of these areas gradually became repressive. Exploitation and repression became a hallmark of all indigenous states. The populace was exploited through a variety of taxation methods, including ‘Rasad’, ‘Magan’, ‘Bethi’, and ‘Begari’. Finally, when the people’s exploitation became intolerable, they were seized …

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British relation with Princely States of Odisha

By 1948-49, the Feudatory States, also known as Native States, Princely States, Garhjat States, or Tributary Mahals, numbered twenty-six. These feudatory states were classified into three categories: Central Odisha states: Angul, Athgarh, Athmallik, Banki, Baudh, Baramba, Daspalla, Dhenkanal, Hindol, Khandapara Keonjhar, Mayurbhanj, Narasirnhapur, Nayagarh, Nilgiri, Pal Lahara, Talcher, Tigria, and Ranapur. In 1840 and 1847, …

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