In the second half of the nineteenth century, India saw the growth of an organised nationalist movement. It was formed in response to the threat of foreign domination. British rule directly and indirectly created the material, moral, and intellectual conditions for the development of India’s nationalist movement. Odisha, as a part of the nation, has also seen its reflections in this regard. Nationalism developed in Odisha in two distinct ways. Firstly, the unification of all Odia-speaking regions; and secondly, as the national awakening grew, the people of Odisha joined the mainstream of the national movement alongside the rest of the country. However, the paper will concentrate on Odisha’s nationalist movement. Indeed, despite local divisions and issues, the history of the nationalist movement in Odisha was an expression of forces that are an integral part of the all-India freedom struggle against the British Raj.