Rebellion and Resistance Movements

Odisha witnessed a number of resistance movements against the British Raj in the nineteenth century, led by common people, landholders, Zamindars, and feudatory chiefs. Four of these resistance movements were particularly violent and posed a serious threat to British rule in Odisha. All of these resistance movements occurred in Odisha as a result of a strong dislike for the new rule, the oppressive revenue system and high rent, the threat to vested landed interests’ traditional privileges, and other factors endangering the lives and property of the Odisha people.


1. Khurda Rebellion (1804-05 AD)
2. Khurda Rebellion (1817 AD) or Paika Rebellion
3. Revolt 1857: Resistance Movement under Surendra Sai