Tribal Revolts in Oddisha

The nineteenth century saw a number of tribal uprisings against British rule in India and Odisha. All of these rebellions occurred as a result of strong opposition to the new rule, the oppressive revenue system, high rent, and threats to tribal people’s traditional privileges, among other factors. Additionally, the British policy of interfering with their religion and social reforms exacerbated the situation. Massive missionary activities in various tribal areas and actions taken against their ruler contributed significantly to the tribal uprising. The Ghumsur rebellion led by Dora Bisoi and Chakra Bisoi, the Bhuyan uprising led by Ratna Naik and Dharanidhar Naik, and the Munda uprising led by Birsa Munda are just a few of the significant tribal uprisings in Odisha against British authority.


1. Ghumsar Rising under Dara Bisoi
2. Kandha Rising under Chakra Bisoi
3. Bhuyan Rising Under Ratna Naik
4. Bhuyan rising Under Dharani Dhar Naik.


Thus, tribal uprisings were precipitated by strong opposition to the new rule, the oppressive revenue system, high rent, and threats to tribal people’s traditional privileges, among other factors. Additionally, the British policy of interfering with their religion and social reforms exacerbated the revolutionary situation among Odisha’s tribal people. Missionary activities in various tribal areas exacerbated the situation, precipitating the tribal uprising. The Ghumsur uprising led by Dora Bisoi and Chakra Bisoi, the Bhuyan uprising led by Ratna Naik and Dharanidhar Naik against the British government were some of the most evocative examples.

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