Anglo-Maratha Conflicts in Odisha

The decline of Mughal Empire led to the rise of many small powers like the Marathas to declare themselves as independent powers. Some of them also started establishing themselves as important power in the political horizon of India by subduing the some states of India including Odisha either through war or diplomacy. In meanwhile, the …

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British Administration of Odisha

The British occupation of Odisha in 1803 ushered in a new era in the state’s history. Prior to that, Odisha had been ruled by an alien for an extended period of time. They established British administration in Odisha, which had a profound effect on the state. Indeed, the British administration significantly altered the lives of …

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Capture of Sambalpur

Harcourt wrote conciliatory letters to the Rajas of Baud in response to Major Forbes’ occupation of Baramula Pass on 2 November 1803. Sonepur and Sambalpur tom recognise the British authority, which they gratefully acknowledged by paying annual tributes. Sambalpur, on the other hand, remained an exception. In January 1804, Major Broughton defeated Maratha Governor Tantia …

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Capture of Baleswar

Meanwhile, Captain Morgan’s strategy at Balasore was successful in driving away the Marathas. After crossing the Budhabalanga river, he led a detachment of seven vessels, including the Alexander, Anne, George, Fairdie, Lizard, and Scourage, as well as a gun boat, to Balaramgarhi. Balaramgarhi was a Maratha port of a small size. The Marathas allowed the …

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Capture of Cuttack

Puri’s occupation encouraged the British to continue processing. They devised a complex plan to seize Cuttack. Harcourt planned his march to Cuttack by making necessary arrangements to halt the Maratha army’s possible advance from Nagpur. Lieutenant Ogilvie and Major Fletcher were stationed at Manikpatna and Puri, respectively, to deal with Maratha forces. Harcourt began his …

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Capture of Puri

They took the following steps to occupy Puri: Diplomacy of Wellesley on Lord Jagannatha Lord Wellesley desired to capture Puri and Cuttack through his diplomacy alone. Letters were sent to the feudatories of Odisha informing them that Lord Jagannath desired for the British to oust the Marathas from the land. The Governor-General communicated to the …

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Capture of Ganjam

Lord Clive obtained the Northern Circars of Chicacole, Rajahmudry, Ellore, and Guntur as a free gift from Emperor Shah Alam in 1765 through the grant of Dewani, which included the present undivided Ganjam district. Midnapur, which was a part of Odisha, was also acquired by the British East India Company. Thus, the British authorities acquired …

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Causes for the British Conquest of Odisha

The following factors contributed to the British occupation of Odisha: The Maratha rulers’ weakness After Januji’s death, the internal conflict among the Bhonsles of Nagpur weakened the Marathas, which had an effect on the Maratha rulers of Odisha. As the decline began among the Marathas, their powers gradually dwindled, for which they received insufficient assistance …

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